Source: UNESCO Bangkok
To-date, there has been no systematic review of how laws and policies govern young people’s access to SRH/HIV information and services, and the ability of service providers to ensure these services are available and accessible to young people. This review aims to do so. It assesses criminal laws, laws in relation to age, laws on health and HIV, law enforcement practices, and national policies relating to HIV, SRH and youth. In addition to describing laws, policies and practices that impede access to services, the review highlights examples of laws, policies and practices that are supportive of the rights of young people to access services. The review also considers the international commitments and obligations of countries in the Asia-Pacific region relating to the rights of young people to the highest attainable standard of health. This includes obligations under international human rights law, and recommendations and commitments relating to young people in international instruments including the Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC), the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) and the recommendations of the Global Commission on HIV and the Law. To supplement the literature review, focus group discussions (FGDs) were convened with young people aged 18 to 25 in Indonesia, Myanmar and the Philippines to explore their experiences, perspectives and opinions on barriers to accessing SRH and HIV services. The report includes extracts from the FGDs to illustrate the issues identified by the review.